Carbon Steel is an alloy metal that is made up of many different materials in different ratios but the main components are Iron and Carbon. Carbon is the most up to 2.1% which is named after. And the other metals that have a ratio below carbon are manganese up to 1.65, silicon 0.60, copper 0.60. it is a fact that just as carbon content increases the metal gets stronger and harder by heat-treating which also leads to a decrease in the weldability property of the metal. The metal has a good black look to it due to the presence of carbon. The Tensile Strength of Carbon Steel is 635 MPa and 92100 psi, The Yield Strength of Carbon Steel is 490 MPa and 71100 psi, the modulus of elasticity is 200 GPa.
Grades of Carbon Steel
The three main types of Carbon Steel or Carbon Steel grades areas mentioned-
High Carbon Steel has Tensile Strength of 665 MPa and a Yield Strength of 380 MPa the ductility being 10%.
Medium Carbon Steel has Tensile strength of 460 MPa and a Yield Strength of 325 MPa the ductility here is 12%.
Low Carbon Steel has Tensile Strength of 325 MPa and a Yield Strength of 180 MPa with ductility of 28%.
Carbon Steel Flanges
Carbon Steel Flanges are a component of the piping system. Flanges are small instruments that are attached to the pipes to ensure the continuous flow of the liquid or any substance, however, it is not necessarily small in size as they can be massive depending on the nature of the industry it is used in. The Flanges as well come in various shapes, sizes, materials, and categories. The size can vary from 50mm to 500mm. the shapes or the types of Flanges are a lot Slip-on Flange, Weld Neck Flange, Socket Weld Flange, Blind Flange, Spectacle Blind Flange, Lap joint Flange, Reducing Flanges, Threaded Flanges, Square Flange, Long-neck Weld Flange, Plate Flange, Screwed Flange, High Hub Blind Flange, Loose Flange, Orifice Flange, Weldo Flange, Spade and Ring Spacer Flange, Expander Flange, etc.
The advantage of using a Carbon Steel flange is that it totally avoids any leakage and works for a longer period of time. The alloy and the nature of the instrument form a very strong combination concluding a very superior product. Widely flanges made up of Carbon Steel are only used for their exceptional property. Off-Shore Oil Drilling Companies mostly use pipes so they also use flanges to keep the pipes intact just for avoiding the spilling of gas or oil, Power Generation, Petrochemicals, and Gas Processing industries also use flanges for preventing the leakage of chemicals or gases, Specialty, Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Pharmaceutical Equipment, Chemical Equipment, Sea Water Equipment, Heat Exchangers includes pipe so it also includes flanges. , Condensers and Pulp and Paper industries necessarily require a Carbon Steel flange because of its durability, these are some of the many industries that make use of Carbon Steel flanges.
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