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How are Forged Pipe Fittings Made?

Forged Pipe Fittings

Pipe fittings made of forged carbon steel are known as forged steel fittings. Fittings made of forging steel are extremely durable. The dies are made of carbon steel and have been heated to molten temperatures. After that, the hot steel is forged into forged steel fittings. Forged pipe fittings include Tees, Elbows, Couplings, Unions, Bushings, Caps, Plugs, and Crosses.

Process of making Forged Pipe Fitting

Forged piping fittings are fittings constructed of forged steel. The forged steel fittings manufacturing process includes cutting and heating billets, applying pressure to heated billets under dies to form required shapes, trimming, and shot blasting. The net shape and dimensions of the blank fittings were then machine forged.

Types of Forged Pipes Fittings Processes 

1. Impression Die Forging

2. Cold Forging

3. Open Die Forging

4. Seamless Rolled Ring Forging

1. Impression Die Forging: Pounded or pressed metal between two dies (tooling) with a precut profile of the target item is used in impression die forging fittings. Parts weighing a few ounces to 60,000 pounds may be produced using this approach. Cold-forged components are used in some of the smaller parts.

2. Cold Forging: The bulk of pipe fittings are forged hot, at temperatures up to 2300 ℉; nevertheless, cold forging is a type of impression dies forging. Cold forging uses bending, cold drawing, cold heading, coining, extrusions, and other operations to manufacture a wide range of part shapes. Cold-forged metals can range in temperature from room temperature to several hundred degrees.

3. Open Die Forging: The dies are used to forge open die fittings between flat dies that do not have precut profiles. The mobility of the workpiece is crucial in this technique. This technology can be used to create things that weigh over 200,000 pounds and are more than 80 feet long.

4. Seamless Rolled Ring Forging: Seamless rolled ring forging is often accomplished by punching a hole in a large, circular piece of metal (creating a donut form), then rolling and compressing (or, in some cases, crushing) the donut into a thin ring. A ring’s diameter can vary from a few inches to 30 feet.

Applications Forged Pipes Fittings

They’re used in a variety of industrial settings where chemicals, gases, liquids, or other fluids are handled.

The oil and gas industry, power plants, food and beverage industry, pharmaceuticals, paper manufacturing, construction, semiconductor manufacturing, and so on are some examples of application sectors.

These pipe fittings can also be used to transport extremely dangerous goods such as chemicals and garbage.

They also offer good protection against high pressures for delicate equipment.

Because the Forged Fittings protect against corrosion and other adverse weather conditions, they are used in the wellhead, Christmas tree, oil exploration, high-pressure jobs, drilling equipment, onshore-offshore drilling, rig projects, and other applications.

It’s also used in household appliances and road and highway buildings.

Semiconductor manufacturing uses forged fittings in microchips that are used in electronic devices such as cellphones, tablets, laptops, television sets, and so on.


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