Tooth extractions are simple procedures that entail the permanent removal of a tooth from its socket. However, bicuspid, malposed, or erupted teeth present complex challenges for the dentist. Uprooting a tooth from the socket in a constricted setting is relatively easier with the help of luxating elevators.
But all dental procedures that require luxation tools are no extractions. Elevating tools also help lift thick skin flaps to expose certain areas of the mouth for surgery. This places luxators in the category of multipurpose instruments that aid oral surgery.
Luxation in Dentistry
Luxation refers to the lifting of the tooth or the skin flap from its pocket. However, in dentistry the term encompasses various applications including calculus removal, detaching fibers from the pulp, and severing soft tissue if needed.
The tools dentists use to perform these actions must be precise, durable, and lightweight. The oral cavity is a system of bone, tissues, and blood vessels. Minor discrepancies in instrument design, material, or execution can bear dire consequences. This is especially true for luxating procedures.
Evolution of Luxating Elevators
Thomas Bell was the first person who introduced the use of dental elevators for the removal of third molars (lower). Early elevation instruments featured ebony or iron handles as opposed to the stainless-steel variations prevalent in dental practice today.
History records the common use of luxation tools in dental treatments in the 16th century. The Geissfuss or the goat’s foot is one prime example of the early variations of the tool. Later, Louis Lecluze introduced a curved variation of the tool quite like the configurations used in dentistry today.
Today, a range of variations in design are available for dental procedures. Curved, straight or flat tips attached to distinct handle lengths and styles improve control over movements in oral procedures.
Dental Luxating Elevator: Application in surgeries
Luxators are elevating tools that help impart force along tooth structures to sever soft tissue and fibers inside the dental socket. These tools are also rudimentary in expanding the alveolar bone around the socket for effortless removal.
The success of the uprooting procedure depends on the condition of the tooth that the dentist is removing. Bicuspid teeth or fractured dental structures often pose challenges that require the use of elevating tools in conjunction with forceps to pick out the broken fragments.
To conduct a successful extraction, the dentist must understand the application of Cryer or straight elevators, creating purchase points, optimal force to impart luxation, and teeth sectioning (if needed).
Types of Luxating Dental Surgical Instruments Used in Oral Surgery
Surgeons must adjust their choice of instrument, luxation technique, and application of force according to the condition and placement of the tooth. Following are the variations present in the luxating elevators_for the exodontist to use:
· 5mm curved small handle
To remove decaying, or impacted teeth, a surgeon prefers the use of the 5mm curved small handle variation. The design reduces the space between the force exerted by the hand, the visibility and the dental structure being removed.
· Serrated short handle
To engage the affected tooth and stabilize the lifting movement, serrated short handle luxators are preferable. The serrations along the working end of the tool build adequate friction between the teeth being removed and the tool to pull the entire dentin out without any lacerations to the surrounding structure.
· Straight short handle
These dental elevators prevent unwanted movements around the maxillofacial cavity when removing teeth. The straight working end fits into the alveolar socket and engages with the length of the tooth to lift it from the base up. This design is available in multiple configurations such as 2,3,4, and 5mm.
Corresponding Tools of the Trade
A common assistant during extraction processes along with luxating instruments is the anglevator. This is a revolutionary innovation that fulfills several purposes in one application. Whether you need a periotome, a periosteal elevator, a chisel, extraction forceps, or an extractor – the anglevator will perform all these functions and more. This multi-purpose instrument is built in several variations with an angled working end to manipulate teeth during exodontia.
Premium quality surgical instruments including luxating elevators ensure better application in the operating room and reduced expenditure in long-term buying. Therefore, quality-compliant manufacturing procedures are crucial in the surgical industry.
At GerdentUSA Inc. we understand the need for quality and longevity in dental elevation instruments and other surgical tools. As such we adhere to quality protocols, premium-grade materials, and an on-time supply schedule for all our customers across the globe. All our products undergo strict quality checks before being dispatched for delivery. As patent holders for Anglevator, our goal is to deliver innovation and quality consistently. You can browse through our elevator inventory on our website today.